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The roof plays a vital role in any structure. Besides it is the part of a building that protects the entire structure from weather elements. The roof also provides privacy, insulation, and safety, among other functions. When designing a roof, it is vital to consider the style of the structure, estimated lifetime, local government building codes and requirements, structure functionality, and the preferred aesthetics.
- Style of the structure. There are different types of buildings. The most common ones include stand-alone houses, apartments, factory structures, office blocks, and mansions, among others. The type of building dictates the design and roofing materials to be used in construction. For instance, a commercial building would consider factors, such as space and durability, which may not be relevant in a temporary house structure. The style also depends on market trends and the preferences of the owner. Therefore, the designer should ensure that the roof meets the style of the building and its intended purpose.
- Estimated lifetime. All buildings have an approximate lifespan. Most home and commercials owners prefer buildings that would last for a longer period. This fact means that they have to consider durable building materials that can last for a longer time. Temporary structures, on the other hand, are only meant to last for a short period. In this case, it is not advisable to use durable roofing materials that are normally expensive. Therefore, the designer of a roof has to consider whether or not the building is expected to exist in the foreseeable future before determining the material to use.
- Local government building codes and requirements. Most local governments, such as states and municipalities, have building rules that must be followed. Therefore, the design of a roof has to be consistent with such requirements. The codes are meant to protect the buildings from weather elements, such as tornadoes and hurricanes. Some areas are also exposed to forest fires, which means that the roofing materials used should not be easily flammable. This fact means that architects should be consistent with the local government regulations when designing roofs.
- Structure functionality. Buildings are normally designed for specific purposes. These reasons normally dictate the style to be used when building the pitch of the roof. For instance, an apartment building serves a different purpose as compared to a commercial one. This fact means that the roofing materials to be used should match the function of the building. The weather conditions of the site area also dictate the functionality of a roof. Besides, some elements, such as rain, sun, and wind, can easily destroy the structure. Therefore, designers should match roofing designs with the practicality of the structures.
- Preferred aesthetics. Roofs should be presentable since they add an aspect of style in buildings. When deciding on the roofing shingles to use for particular structures, it is vital to consider the texture, colour, and style. It is also vital to look at what other people in the community have used since some areas, such as estates and farms, prefer uniformity. Moreover, the roofing design should match the architectural features of the building. This fact means that the beauty of a house also depends the roofing design and the materials used.
The roof is an important part of a building. Therefore, architects should consider the style of the building, estimated lifetime, and local government regulations when designing a roof. It is also vital to look at the structure functionality and the preferred aesthetics in the design process.