Writing a review paper can be a challenging task if the right format is not followed. Some writers often confuse such writing with book reports or term papers. The most important aspect of a review paper is that it provides a reasoning of the outcomes from a number of sources. In this case, the paper provides an eloquent argument on a topic or area of study. This fact means that the main focus of a review paper is to re-evaluate the progress in a specific area of study. Moreover, it gives a summary of the level of knowledge that exists in the subject matter. This approach is meant to aid the reader in understanding the subject by discussing the findings exhibited in recent literature. When writing a review paper, it is important to define the topic and audience, conduct extensive literature search, take relevant notes while researching, and choose an area of interest.
- Define the topic and audience. There are many areas of study that a writer can explore, especially in contemporary science. Besides, no one can claim mastery of all knowledge. This fact means that, when writing a review paper, the writer should ensure that the topic and target audience are well-defined. This approach helps the reader in developing interest on the subject matter. Defining the topic and audience of a review paper also aids in seeking the input of other scholars.
- Conduct extensive literature search. After narrowing down on the topic and target audience, it is paramount to look for related literature. This step is important because it helps the writer on addressing existing knowledge gaps on the topic. Besides, many authors might have discusses the subject mater, hence, it is important to know their points of view. Therefore, conducting a thorough literature search when writing a review paper also helps in looking at different dimensions on the topic.
- Take relevant notes while researching. Reading various literature on a specified topic in an integral part of writing a review paper. However, it might not be easy to remember everything read on the available literature about the topic. This fact means that it is paramount for a writer to take relevant notes that will aid in writing a review paper on the subject. This approach helps in covering all the important parts in the review.
- Choose an area of interest. Good writing requires passion. Moreover, writing a review paper depends on the number of available literature on the subject. This fact means that the writer has to conduct thorough literature review, which can be easier if the selected topic lies within an individual’s area of interest. There should also be enough and relevant material in the subject. The amount of literature available on the topic also aids in determining the length of the review paper. Therefore, the area of interest should also correspond to the amount of literature or research that has been done on the subject.
Writing a review paper has specific rules. The approach is meant to aid the reader in understanding the existing knowledge on a topic. Therefore, it is vital to define the subject and target group, carryout all-inclusive literature search, take applicable notes while researching, and choose a relevant area of interest.